The top health benefits of avocado include its ability to boost heart health, improve digestion, prevent cancer, enhance liver health, and help in weight management. Avocado also helps keep the eyes healthy due to its high lutein content and protects the skin from signs of aging. It is a rich source of good fats, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and phytosterols. (Source: Organic facts )
Avocado is a pear-shaped fruit with a rich creamy flavor. It has gained attention in health circles due to its high level of good fat content and extremely low level of cholesterol. Avocados are available in many varieties, but the most popular of all is the creamy Hass variety.
Avocados are also known as Alligator Pears, which is mainly due to their shape and the leathery appearance of their skin. It is usually eaten raw, as a dessert whip, or in the form of salads with little pepper and salt. The most popular use of avocados is in the form of guacamole, a traditional Mexican and Central American dip that is also good as a topping on hamburgers and sandwiches.
Avocado is the most nutritive among fruits and is regarded as the most important contribution of the New World to human diet. The fruit is relished by some people, but not by others. The pulp is rich in proteins (up to 4%) and fat (up to 30%), but low in carbohydrates. The fat is similar to olive oil in composition and is widely used in the preparation of cosmetics. Avocados have the highest energy value (245 cal/100 g) of any fruit besides being a reservoir of several vitamins and minerals.
Major areas where avocados are grown
Avocados can be grown on a wide range of soils, but they are extremely sensitive to poor drainage and cannot withstand water-logging. They are intolerant to saline conditions. Optimum range of pH is from 5 to 7. Depending on the race and varieties, avocados can thrive and perform well in climatic conditions ranging from true tropical to warmer parts of the temperate zone.
In India, avocado is not a commercial fruit crop. It was introduced from Sri Lanka in the early part of the twentieth century. In a very limited scale and in a scattered way it is grown in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, Karnataka in the south-central India and in the eastern Himalayan state of Sikkim. It can not tolerate the hot dry winds and frosts of northern India. Climatically, it is grown in tropical or semitropical areas experiencing some rainfall in summer, and in humid, subtropical summer rainfall areas.